The Basics of Roulette


Roulette is a casino game based on chance. The game has several types of bets and a variety of rules. It is important to understand the house edge and the odds of each type of bet before laying your chips down.

The wheel consists of a static bowl with numbered compartments (called separators or frets) on both sides. The compartments are painted alternately red and black, and numbered nonconsecutively from 1 to 36.


The game of roulette has a long history. It is believed to have emerged in the 17th century by combining elements of Roly Poly and Even Odd, games that involved placing bets on a spinning wheel, and Biribi, an Italian game that used numbered tickets to predict which would be drawn from a bag. The earliest reference to a game called roulette is in a gambling regulations document published in New France (now Quebec, Canada) in 1758, which included it on a list of banned games. Most believe that the game was invented by French mathematician Blaise Pascal as part of his attempt to create a machine that could demonstrate perpetual motion.


There are several different betting opportunities on roullete, including the Split Bet (known as a cheval in French) where players place their chip(s) to straddle the line between two numbers on the layout. This wager is the second most risky of all and pays 17-1 if the player makes a correct roulette prediction. Other popular betting options include the Street Bet/Three Number Bet/Side Bet/The Trio and the Line Bet/Six Number Bet/Sixline Bet which are less risky but also offer lower payouts.